The is a wild member of the pig family found in grassland, savanna and woodland in sub-Saharan Africa.
The common name comes from the four large, wart-like protrusions found on the head of the warthog, which serve as a fat reserve and are used for defence when males fight.
Warthog ivory is taken from the constantly growing canine teeth. The tusks, more often the upper set, are worked much in the way of elephant tusks with all designs scaled down.
The warthog is the only pig species that has adapted to grazing and savanna habitats. Its diet is omnivorous, composed of grasses, roots, berries and other fruits, bark, fungi, insects and eggs.